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Turmeric

Growing states: Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra etc.

Harvest Period: February to May
Traded Forms: Whole & powder
Quality Attributes: Color, Aroma, Curcumin
Major Quality Issues: Pesticides, Dyes, Aflatoxin
Regulatory requirement: Spices Board inspection before export.

Black Pepper

Growing states: Kerala (95%), Karnataka, Tamil Nadu

Harvest Period: November to March
Traded Forms: Whole, Cracked & powder
Quality Attributes:
Size, Aroma, Volatile oil, Piperine content, Bulk density
Major Quality Issues: Mold, Pesticides
Regulatory requirement: EIA for export to USA

Cardamom

General farmer

Coriander

General farmer

Cumin

Growing states: Gujarat & Rajasthan

Harvest Period: February to May
Traded Forms: Whole & powder
Quality Attributes: Size, Color, Aroma, Volatile oil
Major Quality Issues: Pesticide, color
Regulatory requirement: None

Red Chilies

Growing states: Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka etc.

Harvest Period: December to May (Guntur) Traded Forms: Whole, Crushed & powder Quality Attributes: Color, Pungency Major Quality Issues: Pesticides, Aflatoxin, Dyes Regulatory requirement: Spices Board inspection for export